Set design champions circular economy

In the UK set designers and theatre companies are on the right track to circular economy. Parts of set or even the whole design can now be re-used, re-cycled or stored until it’s needed again. There are several fantastic initiatives to help creatives source used set parts or get rid of their old scene designs. Here are the chosen few:

Set Exchange

Set exchange is a classifieds website where you can post your ‘wanted’ or ‘offered’ adds for free. The only rule is that the ‘taker’ is responsible for transport arrangements of the goods from the ‘offerer’ . The offered goods can be any parts of set, staging, lighting or furniture.

Have a browse before you decide to buy or build something new. It might already exist somewhere or wait in storage to be put back to use.

Scenery Salvage

These guys can take your set away from you and put it to good use. They will recycle 95% of the set and props or store it for future use. They also supply unwanted items to students and low budget productions and work closely with other arts organisations promoting sustainability.

National Community Wood Recycling Project

Not only for the arts this project does exactly what you think. They recycle wood. Any wood. They are a nationwide network of wood recycling social enterprises.

Children Scrap Project

Paints, scrap paper and any art supplies laying about in your art department could go a long way in helping children organisations and schools. Donate any art supplies, using them this artist-led organisation will run art and design workshops for the young at art.

 

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Event Videos- Sustainably Made

 

True sustainability  means different thing to different people. Here, at The Purityworks Ltd, we focus on environmental sustainability by making our videos carbon neutral. Not all videos can be made this way but events videos especially, and any documentary style footage shot by us, are virtually carbon neutral.

Why do we do it?

Because we can. The Purityworks Ltd is an ethical business with strong environmental manifesto. We want to provide our services with the highest possible impact on the viewers and the lowest possible impact on our planet. And we follow through.

How do we do it?

We use electric cars and public transport, renewable energy to power our cameras and lights, and our post-production office uses green energy too.

And the best part?

Any creative company can now access renewable energy at a discounted rate. It’s Creative Energy. Check it out. Just click on our Decarboniser and you can find the link under the lighting symbol.

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The Ultimate Guide to Green Film Festivals

Weather you have already made your environmental documentary or you’ve only just started planning your first eco-friendly short, there are many exhibition and distribution organisations you should know about. To make your life easier we have combined the ultimate guide to green film festivals.

The USA

As one might expect there is a lot going on in the United States, mostly on a local level. We have found three well established film festivals but surely there are more of them out there.

Wild & Scenic Film Festival in Sierra Nevada

It’s the largest film festival of its kind. The Wild & Scenic Film Festival ‘leaves you feeling INSPIRED and MOTIVATED to go out and make a difference in your community and the world’.

Submissions for the January 2018 festival open May 15 and run through September 24. You can submit through FilmFreeway. The festival encourages adventure films and student level films as well as the environmental documentaries that are the main focus of the festival.

Environmental Film Festival, Washington

‘Founded in 1993, DCEFF is the longest-running environmental film festival in the United States. It has grown into a major collaborative, cultural event, both during the festival season and all year-round’

The festival is run by a charity and you can support it with your donations. Submissions will open in June and can be made directly on the festival’s website.

Colorado Environmental Film Festival

‘CEFF will screen features, shorts, films by foreign and local filmmakers and films by young filmmakers and for youth’.

The festival invites submissions from filmmakers of all ability levels and background. You can submit a feature or a short and there is even a youth category for under 19’s. The submission must be made vis Withoutabox

 

United Kingdom

UK Green Film Festival

UK Green Film Festival brings the very best of environmentally themed films from around the world to one of the UK’s largest cinema networks.

The festival is run as a charity so you can donate to support it. It has film screenings available all over the country but the submission is not easy. The festival doesn’t currently have a submissions process and you will need to contact them directly is you want your film entered into UK GFF.

Wildscreen Festival

‘The world’s leading international festival celebrating and advancing storytelling about the natural world’.

This festival has an incredible list of sponsors, including BBC Wildlife, National Geographic and WWF, to name just a few. If you submit to this festival, and get accepted, you will become a part of community of photographers, filmmakers and environmentalists who work together to make a real difference. And you would be judged by the industry leaders in wild life storytelling. Unfortunately there is no clear submission path of the festival’s website.

Mexico

Eco Film Festival

Held annually over the last 7 years this festival promotes ‘audiovisual production and ecological culture with Solutions that balance human beings in interaction with their environment’.

The registration for this festival is free and you can upload your film online or send a DVD to the festivals offices. Each year there is a different theme to the festival. The 2017 edition is Sustainable Eating.

France

Deauville Green Awards

This prestigious french film competition includes three categories: Spot, Corporate films and Documentary. The festival has over 300 submissions from 35 countries each year. The submission is free through registration on festival website. You can submit works of 2min or less in the Spot category, or feature length films in Documentary category.

 

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Industry Profile: Green Spark Group

Green Spark Group is a consultancy group based in British Columbia, dedicated to sustainable practice within the film industry. The company helps implement green production methods and most notably consulted for 21st Century Fox on the set of The X-Files. The new series was filmed in 40 individual locations across British Columbia. Each location required lengthy transportation, long shooting hours, elaborate set construction and extensive electricity and fuel usage. Thanks to the knowledge and expertise Zena Harris, the president of Green Spark Group, the production managed to avoid over 33 tonnes on CO2 emissions and divert 81% of their waste from the landfill. They also recycled 100% of the metal and aluminium used on set.

Harris consulted with each department and used Green Production Guide‘s calculator to asses the environmental impact of The X-Files. But the most impressive achievement , in our opinion, was the recycling of 35.5 tons of Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) foam and returning 5 additional tons to the vendor. This made The X-Files one of the first Hollywood productions to address this industry-wide sustainability issue. Foam in notorious for being difficult to recycle with many weldors refusing to take any foam contaminated with paint, metal wires or glue. Here, the crew worked with Blue Planet and Keep it Green Recycling to successfully meet this challenge and generate over $1000 cost savings.

The Green Spark Group vision is, in their own words :  ‘To elevate the role of sustainable production and for all shows, regardless of size or genre, and entertainment organisations to integrate sustainable practices as a normal part of daily operations.’

 

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Catering solutions for low carbon production

 

Producing an indie film is a very social experience. And a very challenging one. Budget is always tight so you might have to ask your crew to make sacrifices due to your budgets’ restrictions. You might have to ask your actors to work for deference. You might have to ask your runner to work for ‘credit’ only. But whatever you do, never make your people work hungry! If you can’t afford anything else you must, at the very least, feed your talent and crew.

Same goes for sustainable and carbon neutral film sets, low carbon videos and events. Chances are that you already have some plan in place to lower the carbon footprint and you implement it by asking your crew and talent to make some sacrifices; like using public transport and keeping their own, reusable food containers on set. The least you can do in return is to provide them with the best, healthiest food you can.

Here are some rules for sustainable catering and great ideas for vegan meals and snacks your crew will love:

1. Home made is always the best.

If you can’t cook to save your life you can always ask your mum for help. Trust me, it’s not that uncommon. And I bet your crew will appreciate a healthy, hot meal instead of chilled sandwiches out of the convenience store across the road. You can find brilliant and nutritious recipes online, my favourite is this Vegan Catering Guide  for individuals and restaurants. Jamie Oliver has some great recipes too. So try it out or ask someone you know to help you cook. I’m sure they won’t charge as much as professional catering service would.

2. Order local, vegan food

Local produce has lower footprint, obviously. Vegan food is much ‘greener’ then meat rich diet (see the table above) so it makes sense to choose vegetables grown locally, organic and seasonal. At a professional video shoot you might be more comfortable with professional service but if you choose to order your food from a caterer or restaurant you can still shop smart. Do your research and choose the greenest, healthiest option. Don’t settle for the first offer you find.

3. Take food allergies into account.

Many people have allergies or sensitivity towards certain foods, mainly milk, soy, gluten and nuts. Allergy to nuts is very serious and it is also very difficult to guarantee that any pre-made food is 100% nut free. Take special care if anyone on your set has this allergy. Milk can be easily eliminated from the diet. Soy is a great source of protein but so are beans and legumes. There are many options available that don’t include soy. Same with gluten. Gluten free versions of many meals are now readily available. So give your crew those options once you know they need them.

4. Always buy organic

If everything else fails and you are left with the choice of cold sandwich vs fast food you should still try to at least choose organic. Many supermarkets and even some fast food restaurants use organic ingredients, so read the labels. There should be no excuse for buying bad food or food produced in a way that is harming to the environment.

5. Wrap it up

The easiest way to eat without the need for cutlery is to have your food wrapped into a tortilla, naan bread or pitta type flat bread. You can stuff it with all types of goodies, like a burrito style bean sauce, mango and chilli salad, vegan cheese and literally anything else you can think of. Because it’s so easy to grab a wrap you can forget all the plates and cutlery.

6. Use reusable

Never allow plastic on your set. There are many ways to eliminate plastic, the easiest is to simply ask your crew to bring their own containers to the set. Or, if that is not an option, there are many local companies that will rent cutlery and plates, pick them up after and even do the washing up.

As for drinks there are great alternatives to plastic cups, like the Vegware– a fully compostable cups made of vegetable matter.

There are green cups from BioCup or reusable cups from KeepCup, but the best, it seems, is to simply have your own travel mug with you on set. Cosy. 

 

 

 

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Those filmmakers use sunlight but not the way you think

To shoot for 14 days in the Himalayas India-based filmmaker George Thengummoottil built his own portable solar charger. The director of Singalila, self wired a solar panel to a battery charger with car cigarette lighter plug. The cigarette lighter in a car operates on 12V and for that reason it was ideal for charging camera batteries. George shares his design with No Film School here and you can read more about his film here

Another solar hero is Jack Bibbo who used only solar power to edit his documentary film “Full Circle: A Life Story of Eustace Conway.” The filmmaker wanted to stay within the environmental message of the film and question himself the same way the film questions its audience. Jack spent nine months editing the film on his Apple G4 in a remote location, with only two solar panels for electricity. You can read more about his challenges here or buy the finished film here

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How to save money (and energy) in Post production

Post production can be a lengthy and complicated process but there are simple measures you can take to prevent future post-production headaches. Here are a few of the most important tips we have found:

  • Rehearse, rehearse, rehearse.

Shooting digital gives filmmakers enormous creative freedom. SD cards democratised filmmaking as they are cheap and accessible to everyone. But the downside of this technology is the urge to shoot everything, to call action without much preparation. After all we can afford to shoot tons of footage, right? No. The more footage, especially the poorly planned, unnecessary takes you have, the longer it will take for your editor to make sense of it all.

In the ‘old days’ every foot of film was precious and so the preparation was key. The cast would rehearse, crew would plan each camera movement and each take would be carefully prepared so not a second of film was wasted. Now we tend to shoot a lot of takes before we even give actors a chance to get to know each other. Some indie directors tend to think that rehearsing the script takes away some ‘organic energy’ from the actors performances. But remember that acting is a job. Giving actors more chances to perform their lines and create rapport with each other can only be a good thing. Polishing performances before you call action can also save you a lot of grief in post production. Shoot only what you need after plenty of rehersals.

  •  Find a trusted script supervisor

Your script supervisor will take care of all the little continuity issues you might have on set. When asked, they can mark the takes you liked the most and make a note of your comments on particular scenes. That will make it much easier for you to find the best performances and best shots in post. She/he will also make sure you have covered everything the script requires.

Micro budget filmmakers have to cut costs, yes. But cutting this position might cost you more in post then you’ve expected. Without script supervisor you are risking re-shoots and lengthy conversations with your editor, who might find the shots don’t match, there’s no coverage you of what comes next or no footage of what you thought you have shot already.

  •  Talk to your editor before you call action

Preparation is key. I bet you’ve already heard the therm ‘shoot for the editor’ but if you are not an editor yourself it’s best to ask for some input first. Talk to your editor before you start sooting. Create your shot list with them. Experienced editor can tell you right away weather your planned shots will work for your scene.  They might propose another angle, different type of coverage, or realise you’ll need more footage for a transition from scene to scene. Good editor sees the film in a different way, they’ve got their own perspective. Find someone who cares about your project and wants to actively and creatively assist you in fulfilling your vision. That person isn’t necessarily the most experienced or expensive editor you can find. Don’t settle for someone who doesn’t ‘get you’. It’s your film and it deserves to be edited by someone who believes in it. If your editor helps you with preparation they’re already half way through the lengthy process of assessing and sorting out the footage in post.

  •  Don’t leave a tail

Avoid running the camera for too long before the action starts. Don’t leave too much of a tail after you cut either. The editor will watch all your footage so just imagine having to watch several seconds of nothing before every single take! Depending on the number of clips you have that can amount to a substantial loos of valuable time in post.

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5 Tips for filming in natural light

The Twilight Saga: Eclipse , 2010. Cinematographer: Javier Aguirresarobe

The use of artificial lighting is, in may ways, the quintessential part of cinematography. It’s through lighting that the mood and look of the film is created but it’s also where the majority of carbon footprint often comes from.  If you have to shoot without lighting setup there is no reason to panic. You might be surprised by the quality that can be achieved. There are many examples of films beautifully shot without the use of set lighting. Some where filmed this way out of necessity others due to artistic choice.  Most recent example is The Revenant. Incredible cinematic experience worthy of an oscar. Alejandro González Iñárritu consciously decided to film with natural light only. He designed the production in a way that best utilised the beauty of locations and time of day. Emmanuel Lubezki, one of the most talented cinematographers of his generation, used light diffusers, blockers and reflectors to capture the scenes of The Revenant and it’s not the first time Lubezki’s cinematography earned him an oscar without any help from artificial lighting. In 2007 he received the award for Children of Men.
Alfonso Cuarón wanted his world to be as realistic as possible hence no electrical lighting used on location. One could argue that it was through the lack of lighting that the mood of the film, dark and ominous, has been achieved. The dystopian future look, with desaturated tones, worked beautifully when combined with handheld camera movement. So it is definitely possible to achieve great results with natural light. It takes a lot of work and careful planning but it is possible.  Many avant-garde movements, like cinema verite or dogma 95, embraced the idea of natural shooting to purposely distance themselves from the artifice of Hollywood. European cinema might be a great example where limitations of the budgets where the reason for using smaller setups. Finally there is sustainable filming and low carbon practices. Through a conscientious decision to limit the lighting on set, using LED lights or choosing well lit locations, you can severely reduce your CO2 emissions.

Here are our 5 tips for shooting with natural light:

1 Invest in fast lenses, neutral density filters and polarising filters.

Shooting in natural light gets rather difficult when there’s either too much or too little of it. Make sure your equipment can handle low light and high light conditions. Use polarising filters to remove any glaire and unwanted reflections and ND filters when the light is too bright. When shooting in low light it’s best to keep your ISO within the manufacturers specified native ISO. It helps with noise levels. Some cameras work best with specific ISO and it’s best to test your camera for noise levels before you shoot. For more advice on low light shooting look here.

2 Light blockers, flags and reflectors.

Using sunlight for filming can dramatically reduce your carbon footprint but it’s not easy to take control over your scene lighting without flags, reflectors and diffusers. These can be portable and light or chunky and heavy, so if your main priority is C02 reduction think of how it will affect your transport arrangements. If you plan to DIY your blockers or use mirrors as reflectors make sure they are sturdy and keep a member of staff in charge of safety.

3 Use a sun tracker

Never miss the magic hour and take control over your production with a variety of sun tracking apps. It’s easier to always have the sun as back light when you know exactly where it’ll be positioned at a certain time of day.

4 Make continuity your priority

The sun is fickle and can change in minutes. Make sure you keep an eye on your levels to avoid jarring light changes from shot to shot. Make sure you’re looking for continuity of lighting between your close up and mid, for example. Think how it’ll look in edit and try giving your audience a chance to understand the conditions. Use wide shots clearly showing the moving shadows or establishing shots with moving clouds etc…It will make your editors job much easier.

5 Reduce contrast

Get rid of any contrast boosting settings on your camera. Shoot as flat as possible to preserve the information in the shadows and brights.  Use all available meters, histogram and zebra stripes to judge the brightness of your scene. Make sure you shoot with nice, flat levels.

 

 

 

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A simple concept

The idea behind this company is not new. Green filmmaking is by no means an original concept.  First carbon-neutral film studio in Australia has been certified almost 10 years ago. In Germany there is even a whole TV soap filmed sustainably and neutralised by carbon offsetting.  The UK is no different. There is a lot of guidance and support for companies and individuals who wish to help protect the climate. Short films have been decarbonised with the help of Carbon Neutral Company, the Albert Consortium provides certification and guidance for TV and film in the UK and let’s not forget about Greenscreen– great initiative for shooters in London.

But even with all the available resources neutralising carbon footprint on a large scale is complicated, lengthy and often quite expensive. For small and medium producers it simply doesn’t have economical sense and we can only imagine that for large studios it might be nearly impossible.

So an idea was formed. Start with the basics. Simplify.

The Purityworks Ltd uses a minimalist approach. We believe that the process of decarbonising can be quick and simple. By “doing more with less” we plan to shoot and edit films and videos with carbon footprint so low it’ll be easy to calculate and cheap to offset. Working with Manchester based organisations we will continue to build on this simple idea of minimalist filming practice.

If you are interested in getting involved drop us a line. Don’t be shy.

Contact@thepurityworks.com

 

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